OpenTitan Earl Grey Chip DV Document


  • DV
    • Verify top_earlgrey features by running dynamic simulations with a SV/UVM based testbench.
    • Verify the integration of all pre-verified IPs instantiated in the chip.
    • Verify the integration and the internal design of non-pre-verified IPs instantiated in the chip.
    • Verify system level scenarios for correctness of our design assumptions and behavior.
    • Verify the full chip configuration and memory address space by running the automated tests.
    • Stress test the XBAR structures in the chip.
  • FPV
    • Verify the connectivity of signals (that are excluded from functional DV above) from point A to point B.
    • Secure verification
      • Check for leakage of secure data into unsecure locations / paths and vice-versa using the Cadence SPV tool.

Current status

Design features

For detailed information on top_earlgrey design features, please see the Earl Grey Top Level Specification.

Testbench architecture

The top_earlgrey chip level testbench has been constructed based on the CIP testbench architecture.

Block diagram


Top level testbench

Top level testbench is located at hw/ip/top_earlgrey/dv/tb/ It instantiates the top_earlgrey DUT module hw/top_earlgrey/rtl/autogen/ In addition, it instantiates the following interfaces, connects them to the DUT and sets their handle into uvm_config_db:

  • Clock and reset interface
    • Main clock as well as USB clock
  • TileLink host interface
    • This is connected to the CPU’s data port.
  • JTAG interface
  • SPI interface
  • UART interface
  • SW logger interface (for test boot ROM as well as the test SW)
  • SW test status monitor
  • Backdoor memory interfaces (for ROM, SRAM and the flask banks)
  • Individual control pins:
    • Bootstrap
    • JTAG/SPI switch
    • SRST_N

Common DV utility components

The following utilities provide generic helper tasks and functions to perform activities that are common across the project:

Global types & methods

All common types and methods defined at the package level can be found in the chip_env_pkg. Some of them in use are:

[list a few parameters, types & methods; no need to mention all]


The full chip testbench instantiates (already handled in CIP base env) the tl_agent which provides the ability to drive and independently monitor random traffic via TL host interface into CHIP device.

UART Agent

[Describe here or add link to its README]

SPI Agent

[Describe here or add link to its README]

JTAG Agent

[Describe here or add link to its README]

I2C Agent

[Describe here or add link to its README]

USB20 Agent

[Describe here or add link to its README]


The CHIP RAL model is created with the ralgen FuseSoC generator script automatically when the simulation is at the build stage.

It can be created manually (separately) by running make in the hw/ area.

Reference models

Testbench configurations

Stub CPU mode

Bare-metal SW test mode

XBAR integration mode

Stimulus strategy

Test sequences

All test sequences reside in hw/ip/chip/dv/env/seq_lib. The chip_base_vseq virtual sequence is extended from cip_base_vseq and serves as a starting point. All test sequences are extended from chip_base_vseq. It provides commonly used handles, variables, functions and tasks that the test sequences can simple use / call. Some of the most commonly used tasks / functions are as follows:

  • task 1:
  • task 2:

Functional coverage

To ensure high quality constrained random stimulus, it is necessary to develop a functional coverage model. The following covergroups have been developed to prove that the test intent has been adequately met:

  • cg1:
  • cg2:

Self-checking strategy


The chip_scoreboard is primarily used for end to end checking. It creates the following analysis ports to retrieve the data monitored by corresponding interface agents:

  • analysis port1:
  • analysis port2:


  • TLUL assertions: The tb/ binds the tlul_assert assertions to the IP to ensure TileLink interface protocol compliance.
  • Unknown checks on DUT outputs: The RTL has assertions to ensure all outputs are initialized to known values after coming out of reset.
  • assert prop 1:
  • assert prop 2:

Building and running tests

DV simulations for top_earlgrey are run with the dvsim tool. Please take a look at the link for detailed information on the usage, capabilities, features and known issues. The basic UART transmit and receive test can be run with the following command:

$ ./util/dvsim/ hw/top_earlgrey/dv/chip_sim_cfg.hjson -i chip_sw_uart_tx_rx

For a list of available tests to run, please see the ‘Tests’ column in the testplan below.



SW access


Testplan (RTL simulations)


Testplan (Gate level simulations)

Note that the descriptions of the test below may be replicated from the table above. Testplan