ROM Controller DV document


  • DV
    • Verify all rom_ctrl IP features by running dynamic simulations with a SV/UVM based testbench
    • Develop and run all tests based on the testplan below towards closing code and functional coverage on the IP and all of its sub-modules
  • FPV
    • Verify TileLink device protocol compliance with an SVA based testbench

Current status

Design features

For detailed information on rom_ctrl design features, please see the ROM Controller HWIP technical specification.

Testbench architecture

The rom_ctrl testbench has been constructed based on the CIP testbench architecture.

Block diagram

Block diagram

Top level testbench

The top level testbench is located at hw/ip/rom_ctrl/dv/tb/ It instantiates the rom_ctrl DUT module hw/ip/rom_ctrl/rtl/ In addition, it instantiates the following interfaces, connects them to the DUT and sets their handle into uvm_config_db:

Common DV utility components

The following utilities provide generic helper tasks and functions to perform activities that are common across the project:

Compile-time configurations

There is only one compile-time configuration, where arbitrary values are chosen for compile-time constants.


The rom_ctrl testbench instantiates (already handled in CIP base env) tl_agent. This provides the ability to drive and independently monitor random traffic via both TL host interfaces into the DUT.


The rom_ctrl RAL model is created with the ralgen FuseSoC generator script automatically when the simulation is at the build stage.

Stimulus strategy

Test sequences

The test sequences reside in hw/ip/rom_ctrl/dv/env/seq_lib. All test sequences are extended from rom_ctrl_base_vseq, which is extended from cip_base_vseq and serves as a starting point. It provides commonly used handles, variables, functions and tasks that the test sequences can simple use / call. Some of the most commonly used tasks / functions are as follows:

  • rom_ctrl_mem_init: initialize the rom to random values
  • do_rand_ops: drive random traffic into the rom TLUL interface

Functional coverage

To ensure high quality constrained random stimulus, it is necessary to develop a functional coverage model. The following covergroups have been developed to prove that the test intent has been adequately met:


  • Collect coverage on the rom_ctrl / kmac interface, specifically around stalling and back-pressure behavior.


  • Collect coverage on the two TLUL interfaces, specifically checking that we see requests around the same time as the rom check completes.
  • Collect coverage to ensure that a_valid goes high when rom check is in progress. This ensures that the scenario where TL accesses are blocked until the ROM check is done is covered.


  • Collect coverage on the outputs sent to the power manager to confirm that we see pass and fail results.

Self-checking strategy


The rom_ctrl_scoreboard is primarily used for end to end checking. It creates the following analysis ports to retrieve the data monitored by corresponding interface agents:

  • kmac_req_fifo
  • kmac_resp_fifo

The scoreboard monitors traffic sent to and from the KMAC interface. Data sent to KMAC during rom checking are compared against expected values from the memory model. The data received from the KMAC interface are used to update expected digest values and expected check pass/fail values.

Traffic from the ROM TLUL interface is monitored and compared against memory model to check for correctness.


  • TLUL assertions: The tb/ file binds the tlul_assert assertions to the IP to ensure TileLink interface protocol compliance.
  • Unknown checks on DUT outputs: The RTL has assertions to ensure all outputs are initialized to known values after coming out of reset.

Building and running tests

We are using our in-house developed regression tool for building and running our tests and regressions. Please take a look at the link for detailed information on the usage, capabilities, features and known issues. Here’s how to run a smoke test:

$ $REPO_TOP/util/dvsim/ $REPO_TOP/hw/ip/rom_ctrl/dv/rom_ctrl_sim_cfg.hjson -i rom_ctrl_smoke