LC_CTRL DV document


  • DV
    • Verify all LC_CTRL IP features by running dynamic simulations with a SV/UVM based testbench
    • Develop and run all tests based on the testplan below towards closing code and functional coverage on the IP and all of its sub-modules
  • FPV
    • Verify TileLink device protocol compliance with an SVA based testbench

Current status

Design features

For detailed information on LC_CTRL design features, please see the LC_CTRL HWIP technical specification.

Testbench architecture

LC_CTRL testbench has been constructed based on the CIP testbench architecture.

Block diagram

Block diagram

Top level testbench

Top level testbench is located at hw/ip/lc_ctrl/dv/tb/ It instantiates the LC_CTRL DUT module hw/ip/lc_ctrl/rtl/ In addition, it instantiates the following interfaces, connects them to the DUT and sets their handle into uvm_config_db:

Common DV utility components

The following utilities provide generic helper tasks and functions to perform activities that are common across the project:

Compile-time configurations

[list compile time configurations, if any and what are they used for]

Global types & methods

All common types and methods defined at the package level can be found in lc_ctrl_env_pkg.


LC_CTRL testbench instantiates (already handled in CIP base env) tl_agent which provides the ability to drive and independently monitor random traffic via TL host interface into LC_CTRL device.


jtag_riscv_agent is used to read and write LC_CTRL registers via the JTAG interface. It contains an embedded instance of [jtag_agent] ../../../dv/sv/jtag_agent/ which uses the jtag_if interface in the testbench.


push_pull_agent is used to emulate the Token and OTP programming interfaces.


The LC_CTRL RAL model is created with the ralgen FuseSoC generator script automatically when the simulation is at the build stage.

It can be created manually by invoking regtool:

Stimulus strategy

Test sequences

All test sequences reside in hw/ip/lc_ctrl/dv/env/seq_lib. The lc_ctrl_base_vseq virtual sequence is extended from cip_base_vseq and serves as a starting point. All test sequences are extended from lc_ctrl_base_vseq. It provides commonly used handles, variables, functions and tasks that the test sequences can simple use / call.

Functional coverage

To ensure high quality constrained random stimulus, it is necessary to develop a functional coverage model. The following covergroups have been developed to prove that the test intent has been adequately met:

  • err_inj_cg: indicates what error conditions have been injected.

Self-checking strategy


The lc_ctrl_scoreboard is primarily used for end to end checking. It creates the following analysis exports to retrieve the data monitored by corresponding interface agents:

  • tl_[a_chan, d_chan, dir]_fifo_lc_ctrl_reg_block.analysis_export: TileLink CSR reads/writes.
  • jtag_riscv_fifo.analysis_export: JTAG CSR reads/writes
  • alert_fifo[fatal_bus_integ_error, fatal_prog_error, fatal_state_error].analysis_export: Alert traffic from DUT
  • otp_prog_fifo.analysis_export: OTP program data from LC_CTRL and response to LC_CTRL.
  • otp_token_fifo.analysis_export: OTP token data from LC_CTRL and response to LC_CTRL.
Scoreboard Checks
  • TL CSR data is used to check against expected values predicted by the scoreboard. It also updates the UVM register model.
  • JTAG CSR data is used to check against expected values predicted by the scoreboard. It also updates the UVM register model.
  • Alert data is decoded and used to indicate an alert has occurred


  • TLUL assertions: The tb/ binds the tlul_assert assertions to the IP to ensure TileLink interface protocol compliance.
  • Unknown checks on DUT outputs: The RTL has assertions to ensure all outputs are initialized to known values after coming out of reset.

Building and running tests

We are using our in-house developed regression tool for building and running our tests and regressions. Please take a look at the link for detailed information on the usage, capabilities, features and known issues. Here’s how to run a smoke test for the LC_CTRL variant with volatile RAW unlock disabled:

$ $REPO_TOP/util/dvsim/ $REPO_TOP/hw/ip/lc_ctrl/dv/lc_ctrl_volatile_unlock_disabled_sim.hjson -i lc_ctrl_smoke