HMAC DV document


  • DV
    • Verify all HMAC IP features by running dynamic simulations with a SV/UVM based testbench
    • Develop and run all tests based on the testplan below towards closing code and functional coverage on the IP and all of its sub-modules
  • FPV
    • Verify TileLink device protocol compliance with an SVA based testbench

Current status

Design features

For detailed information on HMAC design features, please see the HMAC design specification.

Testbench architecture

HMAC testbench has been constructed based on the CIP testbench architecture.

Block diagram

Block diagram

Top level testbench

Top level testbench is located at hw/ip/hmac/dv/tb/ It instantiates the HMAC DUT module hw/ip/hmac/rtl/ In addition, it instantiates the following interfaces and sets their handle into uvm_config_db:

Common DV utility components

The following utilities provide generic helper tasks and functions to perform activities that are common across the project:

Global types & methods

All common types and methods defined at the package level can be found in env/hmac_env_pkg. Some of them in use are:

parameter uint32 HMAC_MSG_FIFO_DEPTH       = 16;
parameter uint32 HMAC_MSG_FIFO_SIZE        = 2048;


HMAC instantiates (handled in CIP base env) tl_agent which provides the ability to drive and independently monitor random traffic via TL host interface into HMAC device.


The HMAC RAL model is created with the ralgen FuseSoC generator script automatically when the simulation is at the build stage.

It can be created manually by invoking regtool:

Reference models

To check the correctness of the output for SHA256 and HMAC, the testbench uses the C reference model. Messages and keys generated by constrained random test sequences are passed on to the reference model. Then the hmac scoreboard will compare the reference model’s expected digest data with the DUT output.

Stimulus strategy

Test sequences

All test sequences reside in hw/ip/hmac/dv/env/seq_lib. The hmac_base_vseq virtual sequence is extended from cip_base_vseq and serves as a starting point. All test sequences are extended from hmac_base_vseq. It provides commonly used handles, variables, functions and tasks that the test sequences can simple use / call. Some of the most commonly used tasks / functions are as follows:

  • hmac_init : initialize hmac settings including configurations and interrupt enables
  • csr_rd_digest : read digest values from the CSR registers
  • wr_key : write key values into the CSR registers
  • wr_msg : write messages into the hmac_msg_fifo
  • burst_wr_msg : burst write messages into the hmac_msg_fifo
  • compare_digest : compare the read digest result with the expected values
  • save_and_restore: execute Save and Restore as described in the SW Guide
Standard test vectors

Besides constrained random test sequences, HMAC test sequences also include standard SHA-2 256 and HMAC test vectors from NIST and IETF to test SHA-2 256/384/512 and HMAC using SHA-2 256/(384/512 TODO #22932)) with 256-bit keys. The standard test vectors provide messages, keys (for the keyed HMAC tests only), and expected results. The expected results are used to verify the DUT outputs.

Functional coverage

To ensure high quality constrained random stimulus, it is necessary to develop functional coverage model. The following covergroups have been developed to prove that the test intent has been adequately met:

  • cfg_cg: covers configuration registers in HMAC
  • status_cg: covers status registers in HMAC
  • msg_len_cg: covers streamed-in message length in HMAC
  • err_code_cg: covers possible error codes raising
  • wr_config_during_hash_cg: covers writing CFG register during ongoing HASH
  • wr_key_during_hash_cg: covers writing KEY register during ongoing HASH
  • wr_key_during_sha_only_cg: covers writing key length should be seamless while HMAC disabled
  • wr_msg_during_hash_cg: covers writing a message while HASH is ongoing
  • trig_rst_during_hash_cg: covers triggering a reset during HASH is ongoing
  • rd_digest_during_hmac_en_cg: covers read and check DIGEST while HMAC is enabled/disabled
  • save_and_restore_cg: covers Save and Restore with: same context, different contexts and only stop/continue without saving and restoring

Self-checking strategy


The hmac_scoreboard is primarily used for end to end checking. It creates the following analysis ports to retrieve the data monitored by corresponding interface agents:

  • tl_a_chan_fifo: tl address channel
  • tl_d_chan_fifo: tl data channel

Hmac scoreboard monitors all hmac valid CSR registers, hmac msg_fifo (addr: ’h800 to ’hfff), and interrupt pins.

For a write transaction, during the address channel, CSR values are updated in RAL. Msg_fifo values are updated to an internal msg queue. Once the data finishes streaming, hmac scoreboard will input the msg queue to the C model and calculate the expected output, then update the corresponding RAL registers.

For a read transaction, during the address channel, for status related CSRs (such as fifo_full, fifo_empty, etc), hmac will predict its value according to the cycle accurate model. During the data channel, hmac scoreboard will compare the read data with expected data in RAL.

Scoreboard cycle accurate checking model

Hmac scoreboard contains a cycle accurate checking to model the hmac internal message fifo. It has two pointers(hmac_wr_cnt and hmac_wr_cnt) to simulate the read and write of the hmac internal message fifo. These two pointers are updated at the negedge of the clock cycle to avoid glitch. Read pointer is incremented one clock cycle after the write pointer (except if HMAC is enabled, then read will first wait 80 clock cycles for the key padding). Hmac fifo full is asserted when hmac_wr_cnt - hmac_wr_cnt == 16. Hmac fifo depth is checked against the difference between hmac_wr_cnt and hmac_rd_cnt.


  • TLUL assertions: The tb/ binds the tlul_assert assertions to hmac to ensure TileLink interface protocol compliance.
  • Unknown checks on DUT outputs: The RTL has assertions to ensure all outputs are initialized to known values after coming out of reset.

Building and running tests

We are using our in-house developed regression tool for building and running our tests and regressions. Please take a look at the link for detailed information on the usage, capabilities, features and known issues. Here’s how to run a smoke test:

$ $REPO_TOP/util/dvsim/ $REPO_TOP/hw/ip/hmac/dv/hmac_sim_cfg.hjson -i hmac_smoke